This Web site is by and for the students of the Hunter College Elementary School Class of 1947.
HCES is New York City's famous experimental teaching school for intellectually-gifted children. Our Class of 1947 was the first of its high-IQ-selected classes to graduate with attendance all the way from Kindergarten. We received unusual attention then, and some professional studies later.
In August 1999, some HCES '47 graduates began to reassemble a comprehensive list of our old classmates. We want to say hello to each other, so please help us to complete this list!
A First Class of 1947 Reunion was held in NYC on Friday, June 8, 2001. Contact was Aben Rudy, 11Z (see below).
An Informal 11X Reunion was hosted in Westbury, Long Island on Sunday, June 24th, 2001. Contact was Alice Lowenbraun Funk, 11X (see below).
(HCES descriptions, building photos
* Professional studies of HCES (and our class)
* Our classmates
* To volunteer further information, etc.
The School (HCES descriptions, building photos and Web links):
HCES's own Alumni/ae Page
HCES's own History Page
HCES Newsletter (first issue is May 2001)
"Genius School", Life Magazine, March 22th, 1948, pp.113-117 (not March 27th, as published in some books!).
During the past decade Hunter College in New York City has
in finding ways and means of conserving and developing the superior
of mentally gifted children. Ever since 1941, when the Hunter College
School was set up as an experiment for the education of the gifted, the
school has been making a contribution to the existing knowledge about
children. The study has had the aid and support of many persons who
that the cause of democracy will be furthered by better provision for
the gifted. The school, now internationally known as a laboratory for
study of gifted children, has steadily exerted leadership in all phases
of experimental work with the gifted; it has served as a center of
about the gifted, as a training center for teachers of the gifted, and
as a source of assistance to other institutions working toward the same
The following HCES teachers (and our HCES Principal, Dr. Florence N. Brumbaugh) participated in the workshop and served on the committees that prepared the preliminary report: Margaret Maybury, Gertrude Czinner, Nancy Farris, Elaine Pairaudeau, Alice Hunt, Margaret Rooney, Elizabeth Barry, Gertrude Dever, Katheryn Fitzpatrick, Helene Kilcullen, Grace Crystal, Julia Duffy, Jane Carey, Catharine Carney, Lillian Rice, Providence Gambaro Rini, Marie Boylan, Anna C. Chandler, Minnie R. Hopstein, Helen Rustland, William Pollard, Mary Burgess.
(From the 1952 preface to Educating gifted children at Hunter College Elementary School.)
From 68th to 69th, from Lexington to Park,
There stands an elementary school that makes its own landmark.
Oh, Hunter, you we hail. Your precepts never fail.
Alma Hunter! Oh, Alma Hunter! You're our Mother School!
(As we sang it then.)
Hunter College Elementary School initiated its new policy as a
for the intellectually gifted in 1941... High-IQ children residing
specified geographical parameters (including most of Manhattan) were
screened, and selected. Three floors of a wing of Hunter College's new
Park Avenue building ... were allocated to the new school. Within
of the finest museums, art galleries, libraires, and theaters, Hunter's
high-rise campus held promise for its newest clients as a facility that
offered better and more numerous cultural resources than perhaps any
in the world.
Requirements for admission to Hunter's campus school were so stringent that it earned a reputation as one of the most highly selective grade schools in the nation... A score of 130 or above on the individually administered 1937 revision of the Stanford-Binet test (Form L-M) was required for entrance... The second screening involved detailed observation and interviews with parent and child.
(from Genius Revisited; High IQ Children Grown Up)
Hunter College Elementary School, New York City, is a lab
gifted children. In general, the children who attend Hunter
Elementary School are self-motivated, independent, and inventive. They
tend to be curious, persistent, and questioning youngsters who love the
challenge of learning new concepts. They often have artistic/creative
in addition to their strengths in school tasks. Most of the students
outstanding verbal skills and have developed large vocabularies. The
are also characterized by having good memories and exceptional critical
(From Hunter College's own current HCES Web site)
The Hunter College Campus Schools (HCCS) consist of an
(nursery grade 6) and a high school (grades 7-12), with enrollments
of approximately 360 and 1,200 students, respectively. The schools are
funded (tuition-free), chartered by the Board of Trustees of the City
of New York, and administered by Hunter College. The Campus
serve as coeducational laboratory schools, organized as research and
centers for students who exhibit superior cognitive ability.
History of the Campus Schools
In 1869, The Female Normal and High School was established to educate young women for the teaching profession. In 1870, the name was changed to the Normal College of the City of New York; the school encompassed both high school and college-level courses. In 1902, the high school and college courses were separated. In 1914, the High School and the College were named for their first president, Dr. Thomas Hunter. The High School was officially designated as a "laboratory school for the education of intellectually gifted girls" in 1955, and in 1974 boys were admitted for the first time. For many years Hunter College High School and Hunter College were on the same campus. Since 1977 the Campus Schools (Hunter College Elementary and Hunter College High School) have been located on 94th Street, between Park and Madison Avenues in Manhattan.
Hunter College High School is a combination junior and senior high school. It is a six-year program that begins in the seventh grade. Each year approximately 2,500 sixth-grade students from the five boroughs of New York City take the Hunter College High School entrance exam, competing for roughly 240 spaces in the entering class. The seventh grade is the only entry point. Students must remain New York City residents as long as they are in attendance.
Hunter College Elementary School was established in 1870 as part of the Hunter College Teacher Education Program. It was originally known as the Hunter Model School; its name changed to its present form in 1941. Its curriculum includes instruction in foreign languages, art, computer technology, math, music, science, and physical education. Children who are admitted to the HCES may continue their education at the high school as long as academic, residency, and personal conduct requirements are met. The elementary school is open to students who live in Manhattan.
(From a 2001 news release:; but note that a lot more than the name changed in 1941!)
Richard Miller's June, 2001 photographs of the 69th Street entrance to Hunter College: looking west past Park Avenue to Central Park, the side entrance just to its east, and a close-up of that side entrance. Hunter College Elementary School has moved elsewhere, but you can still see where the words "Elementary School" once welcomed us into that side entrance (and the elevator to our upper floor) every school morning.
Professional studies of HCES (and our class):
School for Gifted
1944 Dr. Florence Newell Brumbaugh.
Educating gifted children at Hunter College Elementary School,
1952 Hildreth, Gertrude Howell,1898- [LC3983.N4 H5 1952].
Educating gifted children at Hunter College Elementary School,
1970 by Gertrude Howell Hildreth, in collaboration with
Florence Newell Brumbaugh and Frank Thompson Wilson [LC3995.N5 H5 1970].
The Hunter College campus schools for the gifted : the challenge of equity and excellence,
1992 Elizabeth Stone [LD7501.N5145 S76 1992].
Genius revisited : high IQ children grown up,
1993 Rena Subotnik, Ellen Summers, Lee Kassan and Alan Wasser
[BF723.G5 G365 1993].
A Brief History of the Education of the Gifted Child,
2004? by Ellen Summers
(from its pp.16-18)
In 1940 a conference on the gifted paid homage to Dr. Leta S. Hollingworth of Teachers College, Columbia, who administered the Speyer School, an experimental venture in a public school that catered to the highly gifted student. The classes, called Terman Classes, in recognition of the man who had brought a wealth of valuable information to the field of gifted education, were centered around a course of study inspired by Dr. Hollingworth’s “belief that high ability students should be provided with an educational program that promotes both cognitive and affective development” (White, Renzulli, p. 89). Enrichment, rather than acceleration, was the key change in philosophy practiced and advocated by those who observed the Terman Classes.
Dr. Hollingworth and Dr. Jacob Theobald, principal of P.S. 165 in Manhattan, initiated a project whose goal was to carry on an intensive study of the gifted. Having intensively investigated those children of prodigious mentality, with IQs of 180 or higher, Dr. Hollingworth was singularly equipped to contribute to the field. She offered a course on educating gifted children at Columbia University, and experimented with the gifted of The Speyer School (a component branch of P.S. 55, established at the end of the l9th century) that set the stage for a 1935 policy of providing special classes for the gifted.
Before l940, Hunter College administered a model elementary school to serve as a training ground for its students intending to become teachers. As a result of Dr. Hollingworth’s Speyer School work, it was revealed that among many other factors, highly gifted children present special challengers to teachers, administrators and to themselves; that to a large degree, the success or failure of such students later in life is contingent upon their early education; the earlier the recognition and tailoring of special programs for the gifted, the better for them; those who have made the best adjustment in life are those who received parental and professional recognition early and were guided by those experts of gifted education; and the most well adjusted students of superior intellect are those who are educated with their peer group, a relatively small but elite portion of the general population.
The Hunter College Elementary School administration decided to devote their efforts in the Model School to serve high IQ children from nursery school to sixth grade. New York City schools in the private sector, while not specifically exclusive to superior students nevertheless attracted and enrolled a major portion (75%) of the gifted. Horace Mann and later The Lincoln School, both under the auspices of Teachers College, attracted students who exhibited superior intellect. Townsend Harris High School, Stuyvesant High, The Bronx High School of Science and Brooklyn Technical High School later followed the pattern of accepting only the most outstanding of students from the elementary schools of New York City. While schools like Townsend Harris, Bronx Science, Stuyvesant and Brooklyn Tech were designated for boys only, Hunter College High School was established solely for girls of exceptional ability in 1955. It later became co-ed along with the aforementioned schools.[ARMiller- Apropos the final two sentences above, Susan Berlin (HCES 1947, 11X) notes that Hunter's JHS and HS required high scores on admission tests in 1947, and she is unaware of any 1955 policy change.
students in our three
(where AU=Address Unknown, AC=Address Confidential)
Please help us to complete this list!
|Graduating Class: 11X
Homeroom Teacher: Miss Julia Duffy
Top row: Billy Joseph, Johnny Friedman, Richard Miller, Marie Caspe, Joan Gershweir, Victor Braunstein, Morton Gumpel.
Middle row: Candace Orcott, Mary Carol Davies, Dora Lilienthal, Miss Duffy, Gay Sourian, Alice Lowenbraun.
Bottom Row: Judy Smith, Mara Unterman, Ellen Fogelson, Jane Fass, Diana Lilienfeld, Elizabeth Kaplan, Carolyn Weir, Norma Stinson.
|Faith Avidon (Wohl)
HCES K-10, HS of Music and Art,
|One Great Circle Road., Newark, DE 19711
|Walter Benenson||6111 Skyline Drive, East Lansing, MI 48823
Home: 517/351-1848; Michigan State Univ., NSCL: 517/333-6312
Benenson@nscl.msu.edu and http://www.nscl.msu.edu/~benenson/
Bronx HS of Science
In 1982, Susan interviewed about half of her 11X classmates.
|66 Sugarbush Rd., Lanark, Ontario, CANADA K0G 1K0
Ways We Live : Exploring Community (1997, Susan's text for TV documentary series)
|Leah Binger (Lenney)||1019 Esplanade, Pelham Manor, NY 10803|
|David Bloom||Died Jan. 24, 2003.
Mrs. Sherri Bloom
90 Pinewood Road, Apt. 1B, Hartsdale, NY 10530
|Victor Braunstein||175 West 13th Street, New York, NY 10011
|Marie Caspe||80 Waller Avenue, White Plains, NY 10605|
|Mary Carol Davies||AU|
|Jane Fass (Kavy)||24 Grace Lane, Ossining, NY 10652|
|Ellen Fogelson (Liman)||1 East 87th Street, New York, NY 10128
Or, is she now at
435 East 52nd Street, New York, NY 10022
|Ellen Franzen (Kaplan)||106 Auburn Street, Cambridge, MA 02139
|Joan Gershweir (Kadushin)||131 Bank Street, New York, NY 10014
|William (Billy) Joseph||229 E 80th Street, Apt. 3C, New York, NY
|Karen Kagey (Brink)||730 Main Street, Shrewsbury, MA 01545 (moved)|
|Elizabeth ("Liz") Kaplan (Woy)
HS of Music and Art
|13-K Academy House, 1420 Locust St., Philadelphia, PA
|Diana March Lilienfeld||Died ca. 1989.|
|Dora Linenthal (LoBianco)||66 Lockwood Road, South Salem, New York 10590|
|Alice Lowenbraun (Funk)||Died January 2006.
Her husband is Alan Funk, 1966 Ladenburg Drive, Westbury, NY 11590-5918
|A. Richard Miller
Richard (a.k.a. "Dick" to newer friends) created this Web site.
Richard was the only K-11 student from Queens; from Kindergarten, he commuted by subway.
JHS 125, Brooklyn Tech, RPI, Queens College
|A. Richard Miller, Partner, Miller Microcomputer
61 Lake Shore Road, Natick, MA 01760
TheMillers@millermicro.com and http://millermicro.com/
Richard has been an engineering physicist at Polarad Corp., Kollsman Instrument Corp., Block Engineering, and Edgerton, Germeshausen and Grier (EG&G). He's been Executive Director of the Lake Cochituate Watershed Assn., and as an environmental activist he has participated in projects and conferences in Massachusetts and nationally. He and his wife Jill are partners in Miller Microcomputer Services. He has helped develop new medical equipment, worked to save lakes and to build trails, developed MMSFORTH and other computer software, and has his own garbage on the Moon.
|Jeremy Musher||Jeremy died of brain cancer in 1974.|
Joel emigrated to Israel in 1946.
|Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Haifa
+972-48249675; Fax: +972-4-8240546
|Candace Orcutt||313 Herrick Ave., Teaneck, NJ 07666
(also: 45 Eastern Promenade, Portland, ME 04101)
|Prudence Schwabe (Peterson)||61 West Rayburn Road, Millington, NJ 07946|
|Anthony (Tony) Segal||AU|
|Judy Smith (MacDonald)||AU|
|Gay Sourian (Cropper)||188 E. 109th St, New York, NY 10029
|Judy Smith (MacDonald)||644 W. Melrose, Chicago, IL 60657 (moved; no forwarding addr.)|
|John (Johnny) Steele||AU|
|Norma Stinson (Liberty Stinson Bain)||Died 2005.
Was: 6216 Agee St., Apt 114, San Diego, CA 92122
|Jerome Tarshis||25 Sanchez Street #424, San Francisco, CA
|Mara Unterman (Rivera)||15 Bessie Street, San Francisco, CA 94110
|Carolyn Weir||386 Plaza Road North, Fairlawn, NJ 07410
|Graduating Class: 11Y
Homeroom Teacher: Mrs. Katheryn Fitzpatrick
|Hubert Cecil Birnbaum||3425 East Utopia Road, Phoenix, AZ 85050
|Theodore (Theo, Ted) Cosmides||Deceased, November 15, 2000
2604 Arbor Dr, Madison, WI 53711-1980
|Jane Croll (Wolfe)||1420 Gerard Street, Mamaroneck, NY 10543|
|Jeri Fluegelman (Josephson)||3 Hanover Road, Scarsdale, NY 10563|
PS 6, Stuyvesant HS
|Earl P. Ford
536 Wadsworth Avenue, Plainfield, NJ 07060
|Anne Marie Frieden (or Friedin, Freiden?)||AU|
Trinity Prep, PS 6, Music and Art
|3513 North 27th Street, Waco, TX 76708
|Joan Handleman (Lazerson)||935 Glenhaven, Pacific Palisades, CA 90272
|Miriam Herman (Hoffberg)||39 Vardon Road, West Hartford, CT 06117
|Jeffrey (Jeff) Krebs||390 Birch Lane, Irvington, NY 10533
|Paula Kurzband (Feder)||PO Box 68, Centerbrook, CT 06409-0068
|Barbara Loebenstein (Michaels)||336 Central Park West, Apt. 6F, New York, NY
212/662-4986; Fax: 212/531-0193
|Maxine Marcus (Boshes)||5450 Diller Avenue, Culver City, CA 90230
Brooklyn Technical HS (grad. June 1953)
|Lois Otten (Robbins) |
Left before graduation
|40 East 88th Street, New York, NY 10128 |
PS 6, Stuyvesant HS,
Webb Institute for Naval Engineering
|301 Sand Pine Road, Indialantic, FL 32903
|Ruth Prager (Cogen)||2010 Hillyer Place NW, Washington, DC 20009
|Eva Preminger||Surrogates Court of the County of New York,
1 Chambers Street, New York, NY
Attn: Judge Eva Preminger
|Leonard R. Prosnitz, M.D.||114 Stoneridge Drive, Chapel Hill, NC
Department of Radiation Oncology, Box 3085,
Duke Univ. Med. Center, Durham, N.C. 27710
919/660-2110; Fax: 919/684-3953
|Ariane Ruskin (Batterberry)||1100 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10028
|Fred Synes||Died ca. 1949.|
|Anne Walker||P.O. Box 502, Millwood, NY 10546|
|Mary Lou Weiss (Kavaler)||360 West 36th Street, New York, NY 10080
|Robert Yaris||7241 Maryland Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63130
|Graduating Class: 11Z
Homeroom Teacher: Miss Grace Crystal
|Donald Aronson||77 Brayton Street, Englewood, NJ 07631
|Louise Bender (Hecht)
|1055 Malbrough Drive, Alpharetta, GA 30004
Bronx HS of Science
|264 South Bedford Drive, Beverly Hills, CA
|Ilene Edelstein (Beckerman)||P.O. Box 112, Hampton, NJ 08827
|Nancy Fish||8834 Hollywood Hills Rd., Los Angeles, CA
|Abby G. Frank||111 Third Avenue, #8D, New York, NY
|Judith Gellert (Haun)||16540 Akron Street, Pacific Palisades, CA
The Dalton School, Cornell University
|From Palm Springs Obit (California):
Marilyn J. Gellis, 66, of Palm Springs died on March 16, 2002, at home. She taught at Palm Springs Unified School District for more than 30 years, and was nominated for its Teacher of the Year award. She also taught at Charter Hospital. An author, she founded the Public Awareness Institute.
|Adam Goodman||115 Central Park West, New York, NY 10023
|Helen Hanson||AU (was child model)|
|Miriam Kaplan||3 Washington Square Village, New York, NY
|Henry Lambert||171 East 80 Street, New York, NY 10021
|Alan Landis||18 Patrick Lane, Westport, CT 06880
|A. Michael (Mike) Lipper||47 Maple Street, Summit, NJ 07901
|Linda Marcus (Nelson)||50 East 79th Street, New York, NY 10021
|Susan Masback (Thomsen)||Died Fall 2006.
Was: 1591 North Siano Loop, Florence, OR 97439
|Margery Marton||Institutionalized; Aben Rudy is in contact with her brother.|
|Betsy Miller (Landis)||14 Colonial Road, White Plains, NY 10605
914/949-6337 home; 212/824-2240 work
|Lucy Pederson-Krag (Baddeley)||1011 Grant Street, Santa Monica, CA 90405
(William F. "Bill" Rosenblum, Jr.)
|199 Highland Rd., Scarsdale, NY 10583
|Michael Rosenwasser||1366 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021
Aben, assisted by others, builds this list of addresses.
|5051 N. Sabino Canyon Rd., Apt 1103, Tucson, AZ
|Carl Schiffman||210 Devoe Street, Brooklyn, NY 11211
|Evelyn Schnabel (Hunt)||Evelyn S. Hunt, Attorney
84 Sotelo Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94116
left early for Fieldston Academy
|Merle Skoler (Becker)
HS of Music and Art
|3800 Atlantic Avenue, Apt. 803, Virginia Beach, VA
Phone probably is 757/437-9633
|Iris Slater, M.D.||245A East 61 Street, New York, NY 11211
|Barbara Weil (Fox)||47 E. 88th St., New York, NY 10024